Struct hashbrown::hash_map::HashMap

source ·
pub struct HashMap<K, V, S = DefaultHashBuilder, A: Allocator = Global> { /* private fields */ }
Expand description

A hash map implemented with quadratic probing and SIMD lookup.

The default hashing algorithm is currently AHash, though this is subject to change at any point in the future. This hash function is very fast for all types of keys, but this algorithm will typically not protect against attacks such as HashDoS.

The hashing algorithm can be replaced on a per-HashMap basis using the default, with_hasher, and with_capacity_and_hasher methods. Many alternative algorithms are available on crates.io, such as the fnv crate.

It is required that the keys implement the Eq and Hash traits, although this can frequently be achieved by using #[derive(PartialEq, Eq, Hash)]. If you implement these yourself, it is important that the following property holds:

k1 == k2 -> hash(k1) == hash(k2)

In other words, if two keys are equal, their hashes must be equal.

It is a logic error for a key to be modified in such a way that the key’s hash, as determined by the Hash trait, or its equality, as determined by the Eq trait, changes while it is in the map. This is normally only possible through Cell, RefCell, global state, I/O, or unsafe code.

It is also a logic error for the Hash implementation of a key to panic. This is generally only possible if the trait is implemented manually. If a panic does occur then the contents of the HashMap may become corrupted and some items may be dropped from the table.

§Examples

use hashbrown::HashMap;

// Type inference lets us omit an explicit type signature (which
// would be `HashMap<String, String>` in this example).
let mut book_reviews = HashMap::new();

// Review some books.
book_reviews.insert(
    "Adventures of Huckleberry Finn".to_string(),
    "My favorite book.".to_string(),
);
book_reviews.insert(
    "Grimms' Fairy Tales".to_string(),
    "Masterpiece.".to_string(),
);
book_reviews.insert(
    "Pride and Prejudice".to_string(),
    "Very enjoyable.".to_string(),
);
book_reviews.insert(
    "The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes".to_string(),
    "Eye lyked it alot.".to_string(),
);

// Check for a specific one.
// When collections store owned values (String), they can still be
// queried using references (&str).
if !book_reviews.contains_key("Les Misérables") {
    println!("We've got {} reviews, but Les Misérables ain't one.",
             book_reviews.len());
}

// oops, this review has a lot of spelling mistakes, let's delete it.
book_reviews.remove("The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes");

// Look up the values associated with some keys.
let to_find = ["Pride and Prejudice", "Alice's Adventure in Wonderland"];
for &book in &to_find {
    match book_reviews.get(book) {
        Some(review) => println!("{}: {}", book, review),
        None => println!("{} is unreviewed.", book)
    }
}

// Look up the value for a key (will panic if the key is not found).
println!("Review for Jane: {}", book_reviews["Pride and Prejudice"]);

// Iterate over everything.
for (book, review) in &book_reviews {
    println!("{}: \"{}\"", book, review);
}

HashMap also implements an Entry API, which allows for more complex methods of getting, setting, updating and removing keys and their values:

use hashbrown::HashMap;

// type inference lets us omit an explicit type signature (which
// would be `HashMap<&str, u8>` in this example).
let mut player_stats = HashMap::new();

fn random_stat_buff() -> u8 {
    // could actually return some random value here - let's just return
    // some fixed value for now
    42
}

// insert a key only if it doesn't already exist
player_stats.entry("health").or_insert(100);

// insert a key using a function that provides a new value only if it
// doesn't already exist
player_stats.entry("defence").or_insert_with(random_stat_buff);

// update a key, guarding against the key possibly not being set
let stat = player_stats.entry("attack").or_insert(100);
*stat += random_stat_buff();

The easiest way to use HashMap with a custom key type is to derive Eq and Hash. We must also derive PartialEq.

use hashbrown::HashMap;

#[derive(Hash, Eq, PartialEq, Debug)]
struct Viking {
    name: String,
    country: String,
}

impl Viking {
    /// Creates a new Viking.
    fn new(name: &str, country: &str) -> Viking {
        Viking { name: name.to_string(), country: country.to_string() }
    }
}

// Use a HashMap to store the vikings' health points.
let mut vikings = HashMap::new();

vikings.insert(Viking::new("Einar", "Norway"), 25);
vikings.insert(Viking::new("Olaf", "Denmark"), 24);
vikings.insert(Viking::new("Harald", "Iceland"), 12);

// Use derived implementation to print the status of the vikings.
for (viking, health) in &vikings {
    println!("{:?} has {} hp", viking, health);
}

A HashMap with fixed list of elements can be initialized from an array:

use hashbrown::HashMap;

let timber_resources: HashMap<&str, i32> = [("Norway", 100), ("Denmark", 50), ("Iceland", 10)]
    .iter().cloned().collect();
// use the values stored in map

Implementations§

source§

impl<K, V> HashMap<K, V, DefaultHashBuilder>

source

pub fn new() -> Self

Creates an empty HashMap.

The hash map is initially created with a capacity of 0, so it will not allocate until it is first inserted into.

§HashDoS resistance

The hash_builder normally use a fixed key by default and that does not allow the HashMap to be protected against attacks such as HashDoS. Users who require HashDoS resistance should explicitly use ahash::RandomState or std::collections::hash_map::RandomState as the hasher when creating a HashMap, for example with with_hasher method.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
let mut map: HashMap<&str, i32> = HashMap::new();
assert_eq!(map.len(), 0);
assert_eq!(map.capacity(), 0);
source

pub fn with_capacity(capacity: usize) -> Self

Creates an empty HashMap with the specified capacity.

The hash map will be able to hold at least capacity elements without reallocating. If capacity is 0, the hash map will not allocate.

§HashDoS resistance

The hash_builder normally use a fixed key by default and that does not allow the HashMap to be protected against attacks such as HashDoS. Users who require HashDoS resistance should explicitly use ahash::RandomState or std::collections::hash_map::RandomState as the hasher when creating a HashMap, for example with with_capacity_and_hasher method.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
let mut map: HashMap<&str, i32> = HashMap::with_capacity(10);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 0);
assert!(map.capacity() >= 10);
source§

impl<K, V, A: Allocator> HashMap<K, V, DefaultHashBuilder, A>

source

pub fn new_in(alloc: A) -> Self

Creates an empty HashMap using the given allocator.

The hash map is initially created with a capacity of 0, so it will not allocate until it is first inserted into.

§HashDoS resistance

The hash_builder normally use a fixed key by default and that does not allow the HashMap to be protected against attacks such as HashDoS. Users who require HashDoS resistance should explicitly use ahash::RandomState or std::collections::hash_map::RandomState as the hasher when creating a HashMap, for example with with_hasher_in method.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
use bumpalo::Bump;

let bump = Bump::new();
let mut map = HashMap::new_in(&bump);

// The created HashMap holds none elements
assert_eq!(map.len(), 0);

// The created HashMap also doesn't allocate memory
assert_eq!(map.capacity(), 0);

// Now we insert element inside created HashMap
map.insert("One", 1);
// We can see that the HashMap holds 1 element
assert_eq!(map.len(), 1);
// And it also allocates some capacity
assert!(map.capacity() > 1);
source

pub fn with_capacity_in(capacity: usize, alloc: A) -> Self

Creates an empty HashMap with the specified capacity using the given allocator.

The hash map will be able to hold at least capacity elements without reallocating. If capacity is 0, the hash map will not allocate.

§HashDoS resistance

The hash_builder normally use a fixed key by default and that does not allow the HashMap to be protected against attacks such as HashDoS. Users who require HashDoS resistance should explicitly use ahash::RandomState or std::collections::hash_map::RandomState as the hasher when creating a HashMap, for example with with_capacity_and_hasher_in method.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
use bumpalo::Bump;

let bump = Bump::new();
let mut map = HashMap::with_capacity_in(5, &bump);

// The created HashMap holds none elements
assert_eq!(map.len(), 0);
// But it can hold at least 5 elements without reallocating
let empty_map_capacity = map.capacity();
assert!(empty_map_capacity >= 5);

// Now we insert some 5 elements inside created HashMap
map.insert("One",   1);
map.insert("Two",   2);
map.insert("Three", 3);
map.insert("Four",  4);
map.insert("Five",  5);

// We can see that the HashMap holds 5 elements
assert_eq!(map.len(), 5);
// But its capacity isn't changed
assert_eq!(map.capacity(), empty_map_capacity)
source§

impl<K, V, S> HashMap<K, V, S>

source

pub const fn with_hasher(hash_builder: S) -> Self

Creates an empty HashMap which will use the given hash builder to hash keys.

The hash map is initially created with a capacity of 0, so it will not allocate until it is first inserted into.

§HashDoS resistance

The hash_builder normally use a fixed key by default and that does not allow the HashMap to be protected against attacks such as HashDoS. Users who require HashDoS resistance should explicitly use ahash::RandomState or std::collections::hash_map::RandomState as the hasher when creating a HashMap.

The hash_builder passed should implement the BuildHasher trait for the HashMap to be useful, see its documentation for details.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
use hashbrown::hash_map::DefaultHashBuilder;

let s = DefaultHashBuilder::default();
let mut map = HashMap::with_hasher(s);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 0);
assert_eq!(map.capacity(), 0);

map.insert(1, 2);
source

pub fn with_capacity_and_hasher(capacity: usize, hash_builder: S) -> Self

Creates an empty HashMap with the specified capacity, using hash_builder to hash the keys.

The hash map will be able to hold at least capacity elements without reallocating. If capacity is 0, the hash map will not allocate.

§HashDoS resistance

The hash_builder normally use a fixed key by default and that does not allow the HashMap to be protected against attacks such as HashDoS. Users who require HashDoS resistance should explicitly use ahash::RandomState or std::collections::hash_map::RandomState as the hasher when creating a HashMap.

The hash_builder passed should implement the BuildHasher trait for the HashMap to be useful, see its documentation for details.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
use hashbrown::hash_map::DefaultHashBuilder;

let s = DefaultHashBuilder::default();
let mut map = HashMap::with_capacity_and_hasher(10, s);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 0);
assert!(map.capacity() >= 10);

map.insert(1, 2);
source§

impl<K, V, S, A: Allocator> HashMap<K, V, S, A>

source

pub fn allocator(&self) -> &A

Returns a reference to the underlying allocator.

source

pub const fn with_hasher_in(hash_builder: S, alloc: A) -> Self

Creates an empty HashMap which will use the given hash builder to hash keys. It will be allocated with the given allocator.

The hash map is initially created with a capacity of 0, so it will not allocate until it is first inserted into.

§HashDoS resistance

The hash_builder normally use a fixed key by default and that does not allow the HashMap to be protected against attacks such as HashDoS. Users who require HashDoS resistance should explicitly use ahash::RandomState or std::collections::hash_map::RandomState as the hasher when creating a HashMap.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
use hashbrown::hash_map::DefaultHashBuilder;

let s = DefaultHashBuilder::default();
let mut map = HashMap::with_hasher(s);
map.insert(1, 2);
source

pub fn with_capacity_and_hasher_in( capacity: usize, hash_builder: S, alloc: A ) -> Self

Creates an empty HashMap with the specified capacity, using hash_builder to hash the keys. It will be allocated with the given allocator.

The hash map will be able to hold at least capacity elements without reallocating. If capacity is 0, the hash map will not allocate.

§HashDoS resistance

The hash_builder normally use a fixed key by default and that does not allow the HashMap to be protected against attacks such as HashDoS. Users who require HashDoS resistance should explicitly use ahash::RandomState or std::collections::hash_map::RandomState as the hasher when creating a HashMap.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
use hashbrown::hash_map::DefaultHashBuilder;

let s = DefaultHashBuilder::default();
let mut map = HashMap::with_capacity_and_hasher(10, s);
map.insert(1, 2);
source

pub fn hasher(&self) -> &S

Returns a reference to the map’s BuildHasher.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
use hashbrown::hash_map::DefaultHashBuilder;

let hasher = DefaultHashBuilder::default();
let map: HashMap<i32, i32> = HashMap::with_hasher(hasher);
let hasher: &DefaultHashBuilder = map.hasher();
source

pub fn capacity(&self) -> usize

Returns the number of elements the map can hold without reallocating.

This number is a lower bound; the HashMap<K, V> might be able to hold more, but is guaranteed to be able to hold at least this many.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
let map: HashMap<i32, i32> = HashMap::with_capacity(100);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 0);
assert!(map.capacity() >= 100);
source

pub fn keys(&self) -> Keys<'_, K, V>

An iterator visiting all keys in arbitrary order. The iterator element type is &'a K.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert("a", 1);
map.insert("b", 2);
map.insert("c", 3);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);
let mut vec: Vec<&str> = Vec::new();

for key in map.keys() {
    println!("{}", key);
    vec.push(*key);
}

// The `Keys` iterator produces keys in arbitrary order, so the
// keys must be sorted to test them against a sorted array.
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, ["a", "b", "c"]);

assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);
source

pub fn values(&self) -> Values<'_, K, V>

An iterator visiting all values in arbitrary order. The iterator element type is &'a V.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert("a", 1);
map.insert("b", 2);
map.insert("c", 3);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);
let mut vec: Vec<i32> = Vec::new();

for val in map.values() {
    println!("{}", val);
    vec.push(*val);
}

// The `Values` iterator produces values in arbitrary order, so the
// values must be sorted to test them against a sorted array.
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, [1, 2, 3]);

assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);
source

pub fn values_mut(&mut self) -> ValuesMut<'_, K, V>

An iterator visiting all values mutably in arbitrary order. The iterator element type is &'a mut V.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();

map.insert("a", 1);
map.insert("b", 2);
map.insert("c", 3);

for val in map.values_mut() {
    *val = *val + 10;
}

assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);
let mut vec: Vec<i32> = Vec::new();

for val in map.values() {
    println!("{}", val);
    vec.push(*val);
}

// The `Values` iterator produces values in arbitrary order, so the
// values must be sorted to test them against a sorted array.
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, [11, 12, 13]);

assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);
source

pub fn iter(&self) -> Iter<'_, K, V>

An iterator visiting all key-value pairs in arbitrary order. The iterator element type is (&'a K, &'a V).

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert("a", 1);
map.insert("b", 2);
map.insert("c", 3);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);
let mut vec: Vec<(&str, i32)> = Vec::new();

for (key, val) in map.iter() {
    println!("key: {} val: {}", key, val);
    vec.push((*key, *val));
}

// The `Iter` iterator produces items in arbitrary order, so the
// items must be sorted to test them against a sorted array.
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, [("a", 1), ("b", 2), ("c", 3)]);

assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);
source

pub fn iter_mut(&mut self) -> IterMut<'_, K, V>

An iterator visiting all key-value pairs in arbitrary order, with mutable references to the values. The iterator element type is (&'a K, &'a mut V).

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert("a", 1);
map.insert("b", 2);
map.insert("c", 3);

// Update all values
for (_, val) in map.iter_mut() {
    *val *= 2;
}

assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);
let mut vec: Vec<(&str, i32)> = Vec::new();

for (key, val) in &map {
    println!("key: {} val: {}", key, val);
    vec.push((*key, *val));
}

// The `Iter` iterator produces items in arbitrary order, so the
// items must be sorted to test them against a sorted array.
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, [("a", 2), ("b", 4), ("c", 6)]);

assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);
source

pub fn len(&self) -> usize

Returns the number of elements in the map.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut a = HashMap::new();
assert_eq!(a.len(), 0);
a.insert(1, "a");
assert_eq!(a.len(), 1);
source

pub fn is_empty(&self) -> bool

Returns true if the map contains no elements.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut a = HashMap::new();
assert!(a.is_empty());
a.insert(1, "a");
assert!(!a.is_empty());
source

pub fn drain(&mut self) -> Drain<'_, K, V, A>

Clears the map, returning all key-value pairs as an iterator. Keeps the allocated memory for reuse.

If the returned iterator is dropped before being fully consumed, it drops the remaining key-value pairs. The returned iterator keeps a mutable borrow on the vector to optimize its implementation.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut a = HashMap::new();
a.insert(1, "a");
a.insert(2, "b");
let capacity_before_drain = a.capacity();

for (k, v) in a.drain().take(1) {
    assert!(k == 1 || k == 2);
    assert!(v == "a" || v == "b");
}

// As we can see, the map is empty and contains no element.
assert!(a.is_empty() && a.len() == 0);
// But map capacity is equal to old one.
assert_eq!(a.capacity(), capacity_before_drain);

let mut a = HashMap::new();
a.insert(1, "a");
a.insert(2, "b");

{   // Iterator is dropped without being consumed.
    let d = a.drain();
}

// But the map is empty even if we do not use Drain iterator.
assert!(a.is_empty());
source

pub fn retain<F>(&mut self, f: F)
where F: FnMut(&K, &mut V) -> bool,

Retains only the elements specified by the predicate. Keeps the allocated memory for reuse.

In other words, remove all pairs (k, v) such that f(&k, &mut v) returns false. The elements are visited in unsorted (and unspecified) order.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<i32, i32> = (0..8).map(|x|(x, x*10)).collect();
assert_eq!(map.len(), 8);

map.retain(|&k, _| k % 2 == 0);

// We can see, that the number of elements inside map is changed.
assert_eq!(map.len(), 4);

let mut vec: Vec<(i32, i32)> = map.iter().map(|(&k, &v)| (k, v)).collect();
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, [(0, 0), (2, 20), (4, 40), (6, 60)]);
source

pub fn extract_if<F>(&mut self, f: F) -> ExtractIf<'_, K, V, F, A>
where F: FnMut(&K, &mut V) -> bool,

Drains elements which are true under the given predicate, and returns an iterator over the removed items.

In other words, move all pairs (k, v) such that f(&k, &mut v) returns true out into another iterator.

Note that extract_if lets you mutate every value in the filter closure, regardless of whether you choose to keep or remove it.

If the returned ExtractIf is not exhausted, e.g. because it is dropped without iterating or the iteration short-circuits, then the remaining elements will be retained. Use retain() with a negated predicate if you do not need the returned iterator.

Keeps the allocated memory for reuse.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<i32, i32> = (0..8).map(|x| (x, x)).collect();

let drained: HashMap<i32, i32> = map.extract_if(|k, _v| k % 2 == 0).collect();

let mut evens = drained.keys().cloned().collect::<Vec<_>>();
let mut odds = map.keys().cloned().collect::<Vec<_>>();
evens.sort();
odds.sort();

assert_eq!(evens, vec![0, 2, 4, 6]);
assert_eq!(odds, vec![1, 3, 5, 7]);

let mut map: HashMap<i32, i32> = (0..8).map(|x| (x, x)).collect();

{   // Iterator is dropped without being consumed.
    let d = map.extract_if(|k, _v| k % 2 != 0);
}

// ExtractIf was not exhausted, therefore no elements were drained.
assert_eq!(map.len(), 8);
source

pub fn clear(&mut self)

Clears the map, removing all key-value pairs. Keeps the allocated memory for reuse.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut a = HashMap::new();
a.insert(1, "a");
let capacity_before_clear = a.capacity();

a.clear();

// Map is empty.
assert!(a.is_empty());
// But map capacity is equal to old one.
assert_eq!(a.capacity(), capacity_before_clear);
source

pub fn into_keys(self) -> IntoKeys<K, V, A>

Creates a consuming iterator visiting all the keys in arbitrary order. The map cannot be used after calling this. The iterator element type is K.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert("a", 1);
map.insert("b", 2);
map.insert("c", 3);

let mut vec: Vec<&str> = map.into_keys().collect();

// The `IntoKeys` iterator produces keys in arbitrary order, so the
// keys must be sorted to test them against a sorted array.
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, ["a", "b", "c"]);
source

pub fn into_values(self) -> IntoValues<K, V, A>

Creates a consuming iterator visiting all the values in arbitrary order. The map cannot be used after calling this. The iterator element type is V.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert("a", 1);
map.insert("b", 2);
map.insert("c", 3);

let mut vec: Vec<i32> = map.into_values().collect();

// The `IntoValues` iterator produces values in arbitrary order, so
// the values must be sorted to test them against a sorted array.
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, [1, 2, 3]);
source§

impl<K, V, S, A> HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where K: Eq + Hash, S: BuildHasher, A: Allocator,

source

pub fn reserve(&mut self, additional: usize)

Reserves capacity for at least additional more elements to be inserted in the HashMap. The collection may reserve more space to avoid frequent reallocations.

§Panics

Panics if the new capacity exceeds isize::MAX bytes and abort the program in case of allocation error. Use try_reserve instead if you want to handle memory allocation failure.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
let mut map: HashMap<&str, i32> = HashMap::new();
// Map is empty and doesn't allocate memory
assert_eq!(map.capacity(), 0);

map.reserve(10);

// And now map can hold at least 10 elements
assert!(map.capacity() >= 10);
source

pub fn try_reserve(&mut self, additional: usize) -> Result<(), TryReserveError>

Tries to reserve capacity for at least additional more elements to be inserted in the given HashMap<K,V>. The collection may reserve more space to avoid frequent reallocations.

§Errors

If the capacity overflows, or the allocator reports a failure, then an error is returned.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<&str, isize> = HashMap::new();
// Map is empty and doesn't allocate memory
assert_eq!(map.capacity(), 0);

map.try_reserve(10).expect("why is the test harness OOMing on 10 bytes?");

// And now map can hold at least 10 elements
assert!(map.capacity() >= 10);

If the capacity overflows, or the allocator reports a failure, then an error is returned:

use hashbrown::HashMap;
use hashbrown::TryReserveError;
let mut map: HashMap<i32, i32> = HashMap::new();

match map.try_reserve(usize::MAX) {
    Err(error) => match error {
        TryReserveError::CapacityOverflow => {}
        _ => panic!("TryReserveError::AllocError ?"),
    },
    _ => panic!(),
}
source

pub fn shrink_to_fit(&mut self)

Shrinks the capacity of the map as much as possible. It will drop down as much as possible while maintaining the internal rules and possibly leaving some space in accordance with the resize policy.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<i32, i32> = HashMap::with_capacity(100);
map.insert(1, 2);
map.insert(3, 4);
assert!(map.capacity() >= 100);
map.shrink_to_fit();
assert!(map.capacity() >= 2);
source

pub fn shrink_to(&mut self, min_capacity: usize)

Shrinks the capacity of the map with a lower limit. It will drop down no lower than the supplied limit while maintaining the internal rules and possibly leaving some space in accordance with the resize policy.

This function does nothing if the current capacity is smaller than the supplied minimum capacity.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map: HashMap<i32, i32> = HashMap::with_capacity(100);
map.insert(1, 2);
map.insert(3, 4);
assert!(map.capacity() >= 100);
map.shrink_to(10);
assert!(map.capacity() >= 10);
map.shrink_to(0);
assert!(map.capacity() >= 2);
map.shrink_to(10);
assert!(map.capacity() >= 2);
source

pub fn entry(&mut self, key: K) -> Entry<'_, K, V, S, A>

Gets the given key’s corresponding entry in the map for in-place manipulation.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut letters = HashMap::new();

for ch in "a short treatise on fungi".chars() {
    let counter = letters.entry(ch).or_insert(0);
    *counter += 1;
}

assert_eq!(letters[&'s'], 2);
assert_eq!(letters[&'t'], 3);
assert_eq!(letters[&'u'], 1);
assert_eq!(letters.get(&'y'), None);
source

pub fn entry_ref<'a, 'b, Q>( &'a mut self, key: &'b Q ) -> EntryRef<'a, 'b, K, Q, V, S, A>
where Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized,

Gets the given key’s corresponding entry by reference in the map for in-place manipulation.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut words: HashMap<String, usize> = HashMap::new();
let source = ["poneyland", "horseyland", "poneyland", "poneyland"];
for (i, &s) in source.iter().enumerate() {
    let counter = words.entry_ref(s).or_insert(0);
    *counter += 1;
}

assert_eq!(words["poneyland"], 3);
assert_eq!(words["horseyland"], 1);
source

pub fn get<Q>(&self, k: &Q) -> Option<&V>
where Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized,

Returns a reference to the value corresponding to the key.

The key may be any borrowed form of the map’s key type, but Hash and Eq on the borrowed form must match those for the key type.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert(1, "a");
assert_eq!(map.get(&1), Some(&"a"));
assert_eq!(map.get(&2), None);
source

pub fn get_key_value<Q>(&self, k: &Q) -> Option<(&K, &V)>
where Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized,

Returns the key-value pair corresponding to the supplied key.

The supplied key may be any borrowed form of the map’s key type, but Hash and Eq on the borrowed form must match those for the key type.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert(1, "a");
assert_eq!(map.get_key_value(&1), Some((&1, &"a")));
assert_eq!(map.get_key_value(&2), None);
source

pub fn get_key_value_mut<Q>(&mut self, k: &Q) -> Option<(&K, &mut V)>
where Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized,

Returns the key-value pair corresponding to the supplied key, with a mutable reference to value.

The supplied key may be any borrowed form of the map’s key type, but Hash and Eq on the borrowed form must match those for the key type.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert(1, "a");
let (k, v) = map.get_key_value_mut(&1).unwrap();
assert_eq!(k, &1);
assert_eq!(v, &mut "a");
*v = "b";
assert_eq!(map.get_key_value_mut(&1), Some((&1, &mut "b")));
assert_eq!(map.get_key_value_mut(&2), None);
source

pub fn contains_key<Q>(&self, k: &Q) -> bool
where Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized,

Returns true if the map contains a value for the specified key.

The key may be any borrowed form of the map’s key type, but Hash and Eq on the borrowed form must match those for the key type.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert(1, "a");
assert_eq!(map.contains_key(&1), true);
assert_eq!(map.contains_key(&2), false);
source

pub fn get_mut<Q>(&mut self, k: &Q) -> Option<&mut V>
where Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized,

Returns a mutable reference to the value corresponding to the key.

The key may be any borrowed form of the map’s key type, but Hash and Eq on the borrowed form must match those for the key type.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert(1, "a");
if let Some(x) = map.get_mut(&1) {
    *x = "b";
}
assert_eq!(map[&1], "b");

assert_eq!(map.get_mut(&2), None);
source

pub fn get_many_mut<Q, const N: usize>( &mut self, ks: [&Q; N] ) -> Option<[&mut V; N]>
where Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized,

Attempts to get mutable references to N values in the map at once.

Returns an array of length N with the results of each query. For soundness, at most one mutable reference will be returned to any value. None will be returned if any of the keys are duplicates or missing.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut libraries = HashMap::new();
libraries.insert("Bodleian Library".to_string(), 1602);
libraries.insert("Athenæum".to_string(), 1807);
libraries.insert("Herzogin-Anna-Amalia-Bibliothek".to_string(), 1691);
libraries.insert("Library of Congress".to_string(), 1800);

let got = libraries.get_many_mut([
    "Athenæum",
    "Library of Congress",
]);
assert_eq!(
    got,
    Some([
        &mut 1807,
        &mut 1800,
    ]),
);

// Missing keys result in None
let got = libraries.get_many_mut([
    "Athenæum",
    "New York Public Library",
]);
assert_eq!(got, None);

// Duplicate keys result in None
let got = libraries.get_many_mut([
    "Athenæum",
    "Athenæum",
]);
assert_eq!(got, None);
source

pub unsafe fn get_many_unchecked_mut<Q, const N: usize>( &mut self, ks: [&Q; N] ) -> Option<[&mut V; N]>
where Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized,

Attempts to get mutable references to N values in the map at once, without validating that the values are unique.

Returns an array of length N with the results of each query. None will be returned if any of the keys are missing.

For a safe alternative see get_many_mut.

§Safety

Calling this method with overlapping keys is undefined behavior even if the resulting references are not used.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut libraries = HashMap::new();
libraries.insert("Bodleian Library".to_string(), 1602);
libraries.insert("Athenæum".to_string(), 1807);
libraries.insert("Herzogin-Anna-Amalia-Bibliothek".to_string(), 1691);
libraries.insert("Library of Congress".to_string(), 1800);

let got = libraries.get_many_mut([
    "Athenæum",
    "Library of Congress",
]);
assert_eq!(
    got,
    Some([
        &mut 1807,
        &mut 1800,
    ]),
);

// Missing keys result in None
let got = libraries.get_many_mut([
    "Athenæum",
    "New York Public Library",
]);
assert_eq!(got, None);
source

pub fn get_many_key_value_mut<Q, const N: usize>( &mut self, ks: [&Q; N] ) -> Option<[(&K, &mut V); N]>
where Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized,

Attempts to get mutable references to N values in the map at once, with immutable references to the corresponding keys.

Returns an array of length N with the results of each query. For soundness, at most one mutable reference will be returned to any value. None will be returned if any of the keys are duplicates or missing.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut libraries = HashMap::new();
libraries.insert("Bodleian Library".to_string(), 1602);
libraries.insert("Athenæum".to_string(), 1807);
libraries.insert("Herzogin-Anna-Amalia-Bibliothek".to_string(), 1691);
libraries.insert("Library of Congress".to_string(), 1800);

let got = libraries.get_many_key_value_mut([
    "Bodleian Library",
    "Herzogin-Anna-Amalia-Bibliothek",
]);
assert_eq!(
    got,
    Some([
        (&"Bodleian Library".to_string(), &mut 1602),
        (&"Herzogin-Anna-Amalia-Bibliothek".to_string(), &mut 1691),
    ]),
);
// Missing keys result in None
let got = libraries.get_many_key_value_mut([
    "Bodleian Library",
    "Gewandhaus",
]);
assert_eq!(got, None);

// Duplicate keys result in None
let got = libraries.get_many_key_value_mut([
    "Bodleian Library",
    "Herzogin-Anna-Amalia-Bibliothek",
    "Herzogin-Anna-Amalia-Bibliothek",
]);
assert_eq!(got, None);
source

pub unsafe fn get_many_key_value_unchecked_mut<Q, const N: usize>( &mut self, ks: [&Q; N] ) -> Option<[(&K, &mut V); N]>
where Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized,

Attempts to get mutable references to N values in the map at once, with immutable references to the corresponding keys, without validating that the values are unique.

Returns an array of length N with the results of each query. None will be returned if any of the keys are missing.

For a safe alternative see get_many_key_value_mut.

§Safety

Calling this method with overlapping keys is undefined behavior even if the resulting references are not used.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut libraries = HashMap::new();
libraries.insert("Bodleian Library".to_string(), 1602);
libraries.insert("Athenæum".to_string(), 1807);
libraries.insert("Herzogin-Anna-Amalia-Bibliothek".to_string(), 1691);
libraries.insert("Library of Congress".to_string(), 1800);

let got = libraries.get_many_key_value_mut([
    "Bodleian Library",
    "Herzogin-Anna-Amalia-Bibliothek",
]);
assert_eq!(
    got,
    Some([
        (&"Bodleian Library".to_string(), &mut 1602),
        (&"Herzogin-Anna-Amalia-Bibliothek".to_string(), &mut 1691),
    ]),
);
// Missing keys result in None
let got = libraries.get_many_key_value_mut([
    "Bodleian Library",
    "Gewandhaus",
]);
assert_eq!(got, None);
source

pub fn insert(&mut self, k: K, v: V) -> Option<V>

Inserts a key-value pair into the map.

If the map did not have this key present, None is returned.

If the map did have this key present, the value is updated, and the old value is returned. The key is not updated, though; this matters for types that can be == without being identical. See the std::collections module-level documentation for more.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
assert_eq!(map.insert(37, "a"), None);
assert_eq!(map.is_empty(), false);

map.insert(37, "b");
assert_eq!(map.insert(37, "c"), Some("b"));
assert_eq!(map[&37], "c");
source

pub fn insert_unique_unchecked(&mut self, k: K, v: V) -> (&K, &mut V)

Insert a key-value pair into the map without checking if the key already exists in the map.

Returns a reference to the key and value just inserted.

This operation is safe if a key does not exist in the map.

However, if a key exists in the map already, the behavior is unspecified: this operation may panic, loop forever, or any following operation with the map may panic, loop forever or return arbitrary result.

That said, this operation (and following operations) are guaranteed to not violate memory safety.

This operation is faster than regular insert, because it does not perform lookup before insertion.

This operation is useful during initial population of the map. For example, when constructing a map from another map, we know that keys are unique.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map1 = HashMap::new();
assert_eq!(map1.insert(1, "a"), None);
assert_eq!(map1.insert(2, "b"), None);
assert_eq!(map1.insert(3, "c"), None);
assert_eq!(map1.len(), 3);

let mut map2 = HashMap::new();

for (key, value) in map1.into_iter() {
    map2.insert_unique_unchecked(key, value);
}

let (key, value) = map2.insert_unique_unchecked(4, "d");
assert_eq!(key, &4);
assert_eq!(value, &mut "d");
*value = "e";

assert_eq!(map2[&1], "a");
assert_eq!(map2[&2], "b");
assert_eq!(map2[&3], "c");
assert_eq!(map2[&4], "e");
assert_eq!(map2.len(), 4);
source

pub fn try_insert( &mut self, key: K, value: V ) -> Result<&mut V, OccupiedError<'_, K, V, S, A>>

Tries to insert a key-value pair into the map, and returns a mutable reference to the value in the entry.

§Errors

If the map already had this key present, nothing is updated, and an error containing the occupied entry and the value is returned.

§Examples

Basic usage:

use hashbrown::HashMap;
use hashbrown::hash_map::OccupiedError;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
assert_eq!(map.try_insert(37, "a").unwrap(), &"a");

match map.try_insert(37, "b") {
    Err(OccupiedError { entry, value }) => {
        assert_eq!(entry.key(), &37);
        assert_eq!(entry.get(), &"a");
        assert_eq!(value, "b");
    }
    _ => panic!()
}
source

pub fn remove<Q>(&mut self, k: &Q) -> Option<V>
where Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized,

Removes a key from the map, returning the value at the key if the key was previously in the map. Keeps the allocated memory for reuse.

The key may be any borrowed form of the map’s key type, but Hash and Eq on the borrowed form must match those for the key type.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
// The map is empty
assert!(map.is_empty() && map.capacity() == 0);

map.insert(1, "a");

assert_eq!(map.remove(&1), Some("a"));
assert_eq!(map.remove(&1), None);

// Now map holds none elements
assert!(map.is_empty());
source

pub fn remove_entry<Q>(&mut self, k: &Q) -> Option<(K, V)>
where Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized,

Removes a key from the map, returning the stored key and value if the key was previously in the map. Keeps the allocated memory for reuse.

The key may be any borrowed form of the map’s key type, but Hash and Eq on the borrowed form must match those for the key type.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
// The map is empty
assert!(map.is_empty() && map.capacity() == 0);

map.insert(1, "a");

assert_eq!(map.remove_entry(&1), Some((1, "a")));
assert_eq!(map.remove(&1), None);

// Now map hold none elements
assert!(map.is_empty());
source§

impl<K, V, S, A: Allocator> HashMap<K, V, S, A>

source

pub fn raw_entry_mut(&mut self) -> RawEntryBuilderMut<'_, K, V, S, A>

Creates a raw entry builder for the HashMap.

Raw entries provide the lowest level of control for searching and manipulating a map. They must be manually initialized with a hash and then manually searched. After this, insertions into a vacant entry still require an owned key to be provided.

Raw entries are useful for such exotic situations as:

  • Hash memoization
  • Deferring the creation of an owned key until it is known to be required
  • Using a search key that doesn’t work with the Borrow trait
  • Using custom comparison logic without newtype wrappers

Because raw entries provide much more low-level control, it’s much easier to put the HashMap into an inconsistent state which, while memory-safe, will cause the map to produce seemingly random results. Higher-level and more foolproof APIs like entry should be preferred when possible.

In particular, the hash used to initialized the raw entry must still be consistent with the hash of the key that is ultimately stored in the entry. This is because implementations of HashMap may need to recompute hashes when resizing, at which point only the keys are available.

Raw entries give mutable access to the keys. This must not be used to modify how the key would compare or hash, as the map will not re-evaluate where the key should go, meaning the keys may become “lost” if their location does not reflect their state. For instance, if you change a key so that the map now contains keys which compare equal, search may start acting erratically, with two keys randomly masking each other. Implementations are free to assume this doesn’t happen (within the limits of memory-safety).

§Examples
use core::hash::{BuildHasher, Hash};
use hashbrown::hash_map::{HashMap, RawEntryMut};

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.extend([("a", 100), ("b", 200), ("c", 300)]);

fn compute_hash<K: Hash + ?Sized, S: BuildHasher>(hash_builder: &S, key: &K) -> u64 {
    use core::hash::Hasher;
    let mut state = hash_builder.build_hasher();
    key.hash(&mut state);
    state.finish()
}

// Existing key (insert and update)
match map.raw_entry_mut().from_key(&"a") {
    RawEntryMut::Vacant(_) => unreachable!(),
    RawEntryMut::Occupied(mut view) => {
        assert_eq!(view.get(), &100);
        let v = view.get_mut();
        let new_v = (*v) * 10;
        *v = new_v;
        assert_eq!(view.insert(1111), 1000);
    }
}

assert_eq!(map[&"a"], 1111);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);

// Existing key (take)
let hash = compute_hash(map.hasher(), &"c");
match map.raw_entry_mut().from_key_hashed_nocheck(hash, &"c") {
    RawEntryMut::Vacant(_) => unreachable!(),
    RawEntryMut::Occupied(view) => {
        assert_eq!(view.remove_entry(), ("c", 300));
    }
}
assert_eq!(map.raw_entry().from_key(&"c"), None);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 2);

// Nonexistent key (insert and update)
let key = "d";
let hash = compute_hash(map.hasher(), &key);
match map.raw_entry_mut().from_hash(hash, |q| *q == key) {
    RawEntryMut::Occupied(_) => unreachable!(),
    RawEntryMut::Vacant(view) => {
        let (k, value) = view.insert("d", 4000);
        assert_eq!((*k, *value), ("d", 4000));
        *value = 40000;
    }
}
assert_eq!(map[&"d"], 40000);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);

match map.raw_entry_mut().from_hash(hash, |q| *q == key) {
    RawEntryMut::Vacant(_) => unreachable!(),
    RawEntryMut::Occupied(view) => {
        assert_eq!(view.remove_entry(), ("d", 40000));
    }
}
assert_eq!(map.get(&"d"), None);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 2);
source

pub fn raw_entry(&self) -> RawEntryBuilder<'_, K, V, S, A>

Creates a raw immutable entry builder for the HashMap.

Raw entries provide the lowest level of control for searching and manipulating a map. They must be manually initialized with a hash and then manually searched.

This is useful for

  • Hash memoization
  • Using a search key that doesn’t work with the Borrow trait
  • Using custom comparison logic without newtype wrappers

Unless you are in such a situation, higher-level and more foolproof APIs like get should be preferred.

Immutable raw entries have very limited use; you might instead want raw_entry_mut.

§Examples
use core::hash::{BuildHasher, Hash};
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.extend([("a", 100), ("b", 200), ("c", 300)]);

fn compute_hash<K: Hash + ?Sized, S: BuildHasher>(hash_builder: &S, key: &K) -> u64 {
    use core::hash::Hasher;
    let mut state = hash_builder.build_hasher();
    key.hash(&mut state);
    state.finish()
}

for k in ["a", "b", "c", "d", "e", "f"] {
    let hash = compute_hash(map.hasher(), k);
    let v = map.get(&k).cloned();
    let kv = v.as_ref().map(|v| (&k, v));

    println!("Key: {} and value: {:?}", k, v);

    assert_eq!(map.raw_entry().from_key(&k), kv);
    assert_eq!(map.raw_entry().from_hash(hash, |q| *q == k), kv);
    assert_eq!(map.raw_entry().from_key_hashed_nocheck(hash, &k), kv);
}
source

pub fn raw_table(&self) -> &RawTable<(K, V), A>

Returns a reference to the RawTable used underneath HashMap. This function is only available if the raw feature of the crate is enabled.

See raw_table_mut for more.

source

pub fn raw_table_mut(&mut self) -> &mut RawTable<(K, V), A>

Returns a mutable reference to the RawTable used underneath HashMap. This function is only available if the raw feature of the crate is enabled.

§Note

Calling this function is safe, but using the raw hash table API may require unsafe functions or blocks.

RawTable API gives the lowest level of control under the map that can be useful for extending the HashMap’s API, but may lead to undefined behavior.

§Examples
use core::hash::{BuildHasher, Hash};
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.extend([("a", 10), ("b", 20), ("c", 30)]);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 3);

// Let's imagine that we have a value and a hash of the key, but not the key itself.
// However, if you want to remove the value from the map by hash and value, and you
// know exactly that the value is unique, then you can create a function like this:
fn remove_by_hash<K, V, S, F>(
    map: &mut HashMap<K, V, S>,
    hash: u64,
    is_match: F,
) -> Option<(K, V)>
where
    F: Fn(&(K, V)) -> bool,
{
    let raw_table = map.raw_table_mut();
    match raw_table.find(hash, is_match) {
        Some(bucket) => Some(unsafe { raw_table.remove(bucket).0 }),
        None => None,
    }
}

fn compute_hash<K: Hash + ?Sized, S: BuildHasher>(hash_builder: &S, key: &K) -> u64 {
    use core::hash::Hasher;
    let mut state = hash_builder.build_hasher();
    key.hash(&mut state);
    state.finish()
}

let hash = compute_hash(map.hasher(), "a");
assert_eq!(remove_by_hash(&mut map, hash, |(_, v)| *v == 10), Some(("a", 10)));
assert_eq!(map.get(&"a"), None);
assert_eq!(map.len(), 2);

Trait Implementations§

source§

impl<K: Clone, V: Clone, S: Clone, A: Allocator + Clone> Clone for HashMap<K, V, S, A>

source§

fn clone(&self) -> Self

Returns a copy of the value. Read more
source§

fn clone_from(&mut self, source: &Self)

Performs copy-assignment from source. Read more
source§

impl<K, V, S, A> Debug for HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where K: Debug, V: Debug, A: Allocator,

source§

fn fmt(&self, f: &mut Formatter<'_>) -> Result

Formats the value using the given formatter. Read more
source§

impl<K, V, S, A> Default for HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where S: Default, A: Default + Allocator,

source§

fn default() -> Self

Creates an empty HashMap<K, V, S, A>, with the Default value for the hasher and allocator.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
use std::collections::hash_map::RandomState;

// You can specify all types of HashMap, including hasher and allocator.
// Created map is empty and don't allocate memory
let map: HashMap<u32, String> = Default::default();
assert_eq!(map.capacity(), 0);
let map: HashMap<u32, String, RandomState> = HashMap::default();
assert_eq!(map.capacity(), 0);
source§

impl<'a, K, V, S, A> Extend<&'a (K, V)> for HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where K: Eq + Hash + Copy, V: Copy, S: BuildHasher, A: Allocator,

Inserts all new key-values from the iterator and replaces values with existing keys with new values returned from the iterator.

source§

fn extend<T: IntoIterator<Item = &'a (K, V)>>(&mut self, iter: T)

Inserts all new key-values from the iterator to existing HashMap<K, V, S, A>. Replace values with existing keys with new values returned from the iterator. The keys and values must implement Copy trait.

§Examples
use hashbrown::hash_map::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert(1, 100);

let arr = [(1, 1), (2, 2)];
let some_iter = arr.iter();
map.extend(some_iter);
// Replace values with existing keys with new values returned from the iterator.
// So that the map.get(&1) doesn't return Some(&100).
assert_eq!(map.get(&1), Some(&1));

let some_vec: Vec<_> = vec![(3, 3), (4, 4)];
map.extend(&some_vec);

let some_arr = [(5, 5), (6, 6)];
map.extend(&some_arr);

let mut vec: Vec<_> = map.into_iter().collect();
// The `IntoIter` iterator produces items in arbitrary order, so the
// items must be sorted to test them against a sorted array.
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, [(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (4, 4), (5, 5), (6, 6)]);
source§

fn extend_one(&mut self, item: A)

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (extend_one)
Extends a collection with exactly one element.
source§

fn extend_reserve(&mut self, additional: usize)

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (extend_one)
Reserves capacity in a collection for the given number of additional elements. Read more
source§

impl<'a, K, V, S, A> Extend<(&'a K, &'a V)> for HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where K: Eq + Hash + Copy, V: Copy, S: BuildHasher, A: Allocator,

Inserts all new key-values from the iterator and replaces values with existing keys with new values returned from the iterator.

source§

fn extend<T: IntoIterator<Item = (&'a K, &'a V)>>(&mut self, iter: T)

Inserts all new key-values from the iterator to existing HashMap<K, V, S, A>. Replace values with existing keys with new values returned from the iterator. The keys and values must implement Copy trait.

§Examples
use hashbrown::hash_map::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert(1, 100);

let arr = [(1, 1), (2, 2)];
let some_iter = arr.iter().map(|(k, v)| (k, v));
map.extend(some_iter);
// Replace values with existing keys with new values returned from the iterator.
// So that the map.get(&1) doesn't return Some(&100).
assert_eq!(map.get(&1), Some(&1));

let some_vec: Vec<_> = vec![(3, 3), (4, 4)];
map.extend(some_vec.iter().map(|(k, v)| (k, v)));

let some_arr = [(5, 5), (6, 6)];
map.extend(some_arr.iter().map(|(k, v)| (k, v)));

// You can also extend from another HashMap
let mut new_map = HashMap::new();
new_map.extend(&map);
assert_eq!(new_map, map);

let mut vec: Vec<_> = new_map.into_iter().collect();
// The `IntoIter` iterator produces items in arbitrary order, so the
// items must be sorted to test them against a sorted array.
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, [(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (4, 4), (5, 5), (6, 6)]);
source§

fn extend_one(&mut self, item: A)

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (extend_one)
Extends a collection with exactly one element.
source§

fn extend_reserve(&mut self, additional: usize)

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (extend_one)
Reserves capacity in a collection for the given number of additional elements. Read more
source§

impl<K, V, S, A> Extend<(K, V)> for HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where K: Eq + Hash, S: BuildHasher, A: Allocator,

Inserts all new key-values from the iterator and replaces values with existing keys with new values returned from the iterator.

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fn extend<T: IntoIterator<Item = (K, V)>>(&mut self, iter: T)

Inserts all new key-values from the iterator to existing HashMap<K, V, S, A>. Replace values with existing keys with new values returned from the iterator.

§Examples
use hashbrown::hash_map::HashMap;

let mut map = HashMap::new();
map.insert(1, 100);

let some_iter = [(1, 1), (2, 2)].into_iter();
map.extend(some_iter);
// Replace values with existing keys with new values returned from the iterator.
// So that the map.get(&1) doesn't return Some(&100).
assert_eq!(map.get(&1), Some(&1));

let some_vec: Vec<_> = vec![(3, 3), (4, 4)];
map.extend(some_vec);

let some_arr = [(5, 5), (6, 6)];
map.extend(some_arr);
let old_map_len = map.len();

// You can also extend from another HashMap
let mut new_map = HashMap::new();
new_map.extend(map);
assert_eq!(new_map.len(), old_map_len);

let mut vec: Vec<_> = new_map.into_iter().collect();
// The `IntoIter` iterator produces items in arbitrary order, so the
// items must be sorted to test them against a sorted array.
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, [(1, 1), (2, 2), (3, 3), (4, 4), (5, 5), (6, 6)]);
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fn extend_one(&mut self, item: A)

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (extend_one)
Extends a collection with exactly one element.
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fn extend_reserve(&mut self, additional: usize)

🔬This is a nightly-only experimental API. (extend_one)
Reserves capacity in a collection for the given number of additional elements. Read more
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impl<K, V, A, const N: usize> From<[(K, V); N]> for HashMap<K, V, DefaultHashBuilder, A>
where K: Eq + Hash, A: Default + Allocator,

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fn from(arr: [(K, V); N]) -> Self

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let map1 = HashMap::from([(1, 2), (3, 4)]);
let map2: HashMap<_, _> = [(1, 2), (3, 4)].into();
assert_eq!(map1, map2);
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impl<T, S, A> From<HashMap<T, (), S, A>> for HashSet<T, S, A>
where A: Allocator,

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fn from(map: HashMap<T, (), S, A>) -> Self

Converts to this type from the input type.
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impl<K, V, S, A> FromIterator<(K, V)> for HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where K: Eq + Hash, S: BuildHasher + Default, A: Default + Allocator,

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fn from_iter<T: IntoIterator<Item = (K, V)>>(iter: T) -> Self

Creates a value from an iterator. Read more
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impl<K, Q, V, S, A> Index<&Q> for HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where K: Eq + Hash, Q: Hash + Equivalent<K> + ?Sized, S: BuildHasher, A: Allocator,

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fn index(&self, key: &Q) -> &V

Returns a reference to the value corresponding to the supplied key.

§Panics

Panics if the key is not present in the HashMap.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let map: HashMap<_, _> = [("a", "One"), ("b", "Two")].into();

assert_eq!(map[&"a"], "One");
assert_eq!(map[&"b"], "Two");
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type Output = V

The returned type after indexing.
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impl<'a, K, V, S, A: Allocator> IntoIterator for &'a HashMap<K, V, S, A>

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fn into_iter(self) -> Iter<'a, K, V>

Creates an iterator over the entries of a HashMap in arbitrary order. The iterator element type is (&'a K, &'a V).

Return the same Iter struct as by the iter method on HashMap.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
let map_one: HashMap<_, _> = [(1, "a"), (2, "b"), (3, "c")].into();
let mut map_two = HashMap::new();

for (key, value) in &map_one {
    println!("Key: {}, Value: {}", key, value);
    map_two.insert_unique_unchecked(*key, *value);
}

assert_eq!(map_one, map_two);
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type Item = (&'a K, &'a V)

The type of the elements being iterated over.
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type IntoIter = Iter<'a, K, V>

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?
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impl<'a, K, V, S, A: Allocator> IntoIterator for &'a mut HashMap<K, V, S, A>

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fn into_iter(self) -> IterMut<'a, K, V>

Creates an iterator over the entries of a HashMap in arbitrary order with mutable references to the values. The iterator element type is (&'a K, &'a mut V).

Return the same IterMut struct as by the iter_mut method on HashMap.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;
let mut map: HashMap<_, _> = [("a", 1), ("b", 2), ("c", 3)].into();

for (key, value) in &mut map {
    println!("Key: {}, Value: {}", key, value);
    *value *= 2;
}

let mut vec = map.iter().collect::<Vec<_>>();
// The `Iter` iterator produces items in arbitrary order, so the
// items must be sorted to test them against a sorted array.
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, [(&"a", &2), (&"b", &4), (&"c", &6)]);
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type Item = (&'a K, &'a mut V)

The type of the elements being iterated over.
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type IntoIter = IterMut<'a, K, V>

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?
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impl<K, V, S, A: Allocator> IntoIterator for HashMap<K, V, S, A>

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fn into_iter(self) -> IntoIter<K, V, A>

Creates a consuming iterator, that is, one that moves each key-value pair out of the map in arbitrary order. The map cannot be used after calling this.

§Examples
use hashbrown::HashMap;

let map: HashMap<_, _> = [("a", 1), ("b", 2), ("c", 3)].into();

// Not possible with .iter()
let mut vec: Vec<(&str, i32)> = map.into_iter().collect();
// The `IntoIter` iterator produces items in arbitrary order, so
// the items must be sorted to test them against a sorted array.
vec.sort_unstable();
assert_eq!(vec, [("a", 1), ("b", 2), ("c", 3)]);
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type Item = (K, V)

The type of the elements being iterated over.
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type IntoIter = IntoIter<K, V, A>

Which kind of iterator are we turning this into?
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impl<K, V, S, A> PartialEq for HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where K: Eq + Hash, V: PartialEq, S: BuildHasher, A: Allocator,

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fn eq(&self, other: &Self) -> bool

This method tests for self and other values to be equal, and is used by ==.
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fn ne(&self, other: &Rhs) -> bool

This method tests for !=. The default implementation is almost always sufficient, and should not be overridden without very good reason.
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impl<K, V, S, A> Eq for HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where K: Eq + Hash, V: Eq, S: BuildHasher, A: Allocator,

Auto Trait Implementations§

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impl<K, V, S, A> RefUnwindSafe for HashMap<K, V, S, A>

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impl<K, V, S, A> Send for HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where A: Send, K: Send, S: Send, V: Send,

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impl<K, V, S, A> Sync for HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where A: Sync, K: Sync, S: Sync, V: Sync,

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impl<K, V, S, A> Unpin for HashMap<K, V, S, A>
where A: Unpin, K: Unpin, S: Unpin, V: Unpin,

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impl<K, V, S, A> UnwindSafe for HashMap<K, V, S, A>

Blanket Implementations§

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impl<T> Any for T
where T: 'static + ?Sized,

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fn type_id(&self) -> TypeId

Gets the TypeId of self. Read more
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impl<T> Borrow<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow(&self) -> &T

Immutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<T> BorrowMut<T> for T
where T: ?Sized,

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fn borrow_mut(&mut self) -> &mut T

Mutably borrows from an owned value. Read more
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impl<Q, K> Equivalent<K> for Q
where Q: Eq + ?Sized, K: Borrow<Q> + ?Sized,

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fn equivalent(&self, key: &K) -> bool

Checks if this value is equivalent to the given key. Read more
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impl<T> From<T> for T

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fn from(t: T) -> T

Returns the argument unchanged.

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impl<T, U> Into<U> for T
where U: From<T>,

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fn into(self) -> U

Calls U::from(self).

That is, this conversion is whatever the implementation of From<T> for U chooses to do.

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impl<T> ToOwned for T
where T: Clone,

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type Owned = T

The resulting type after obtaining ownership.
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fn to_owned(&self) -> T

Creates owned data from borrowed data, usually by cloning. Read more
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fn clone_into(&self, target: &mut T)

Uses borrowed data to replace owned data, usually by cloning. Read more
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impl<T, U> TryFrom<U> for T
where U: Into<T>,

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type Error = Infallible

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_from(value: U) -> Result<T, <T as TryFrom<U>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.
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impl<T, U> TryInto<U> for T
where U: TryFrom<T>,

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type Error = <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error

The type returned in the event of a conversion error.
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fn try_into(self) -> Result<U, <U as TryFrom<T>>::Error>

Performs the conversion.